The lack of financial reporting transparency was only one of the problems. Some parties, of course, had insight into the multi-trillion dollar shadow banking system. But two other major pitfalls spring to mind: the lack of asset transparency (that is the ability to understand what is being referenced) and the lack of pricing transparency (that is the ability to know the value of an opaque asset).
The lack of transparency is entirely convenient to those in the know: it creates numerous opportunities to take advantage of those with less information. We call this imbalance an "informational asymmetry."(Click here to visit the appropriately titled Fed's report "Could Asymmetric Information Alone Have Caused the Collapse of Private-Label Securitization?"
While 2010's Dodd-Frank Act attempts to add asset transparency in various forms, it was interesting to note Frank's disheartened tone, yesterday at the House Committee Hearings on Financial Services, when speaking of the other "transparencies." Here's an excerpt of his commentary (emphasis added):
"Hedge funds will remain uncovered.
We gave the CFTC the mandate to begin to regulate derivatives, including mostly -- including for end-users, making public the price. Not for end-users in any other way regulating them. What we did then was both derivatives and with regard to hedge funds and private equity was to get some more information. People have been talking about the shadow banking system. Well, one of the things we did in the bill was to try to bring that out of the shadows. But as a result of the Republican budget, neither the SEC nor the CFTC will have the money to do that.
And so we will back, I from time to time talk about old radio programs. I think we have another one.
Who will know what risk lurks in the heart of the financial system?
And the answer is, the shadow will know. But nobody else.
Because our efforts to put some light on the shadow banking system, by having hedge funds register with the SEC and have them be able to calculate what's up, and having derivatives regulated by the CFTC, those won't happen."